We teach our children to read using a ‘synthetic’ phonics approach. This is a link to the Government information on Phonics.
|Age related expectations|
|Phase One||Activities are divided into seven aspects, including environmental sounds, instrumental sounds, body sounds, rhythm and rhyme, alliteration, voice sounds and finally oral blending and segmenting.|
|Phase Two||Learning which sound each of the following letters make.
Set 1 – s a t p
Blending sounds together to make words. Segmenting words into their separate sounds.
|Phase Three||The remaining letters of the alphabet, one sound for each and the graphemes such as ch, oo, th representing the remaining phonemes not covered by single letters.
Set 6 – j v w x
Reading captions, sentences and questions. On completion of this phase, children will have learnt the “simple code”, i.e. one grapheme for each phoneme in the English language.
|Completed by the end of EYFS|
|Phase Four||No new graphemes
Phoneme correspondences are taught in this phase. Practicing all the graphemes and blending them to make words.
|Be working in this level at end of EYFS|
|Phase Five||Now we move on to the “complex code”.
Children learn more graphemes for the phonemes which they already know, plus different ways of pronouncing the graphemes they already know.ay (day) ou (out) ie (tie) oy (boy) ir (girl) ue (blue) aw (saw) wh (when) ph (photo) ew (new) oe (toe) au (Paul)Spilt digraphs – where the sound is split by another letter such a-e (make) e-e (these) i-e (like) o-e (home) u-e (ruleNew pronunciations for known letters-
i (fin + find) 0 (hot + cold) c (cat + cent) g (got + Giant) ow (cow + blow) ie (tie + field) ea (eat + bread) a (what + hat) y (yes + very) ch (school + chin + chef) ou (out + shoulder + could + you).
|Completed by the end of Year 1|
|Phase Six||Working on spelling, including prefixes and suffixes, doubling and dropping letters etc.||Completed by the end of Year 2|